Related Information About Saffron Robes For Buddhist MonksBuddha, Bhikku (Bhik-ku) & Civaras:
Buddha, the fully enlightened one who founded Buddhism, set His teachings of the ultimate truth which can make individuals escape from all troubles. As a layman, it is not easy to fully observe the precepts and to develop meditation practice according to Buddha's teachings, to be free from all attachments and sufferings.
So, Buddha asked his disciples and the followers who wanted to do the practice of freeing oneself from sufferings in life to take the form of Bhikkhu, Known as Buddhist monk, this required shaving off one's hair and to relinquish attachment to all things. Going round for aims-food from one house to another to take a morning meal just enough to enable him to perform the task of meditation practice. It is sufficient for him to stay under a shady tree for shelter.
For clothes, dyed robes, Civaras, are allowed to be worn to differentiate Bhikku uniquely from ordinary lay-men. Dyed Saffron robes are the symbol of the noble Bhikku who makes his practice for removing wants and desires. So, Civara, or the saffron robe is regarded as the banner of the Arahats, who have achieved the final destination in Buddhism, the eternal escape from all sufferings. At first, Bhikku used to seek the pieces of old cloths or materials which didn't belong to anyone, and to take them as rag-robes to make the robes himself. But Buddha accepted the donated robes by donors and allowed the monks to receive the donation of robes. Buddha allowed three robes in need for a Bhikku and the Bhikkus are able to keep themselves going with three robes.
For the existence of Buddhism and Buddha's society set up by Buddha, Sangha society, composed of real Bhikkus, is the most important foundation of propagation, promotion and perpetuation of Buddhism. Therefore, saffron robes reflect Sanghas, Buddhist monks and the color and the brightness of Theravada Buddhism.